All activities, mainly of an entrepreneurial nature, have environmental effects with the generation of waste as an inevitable consequence in industrial processes, causing a significant environmental impact in many regions of the world.
As environmental problems became more evident, and the idea of quality in the productive sector gained consistency, it was realized that the control of environmental impacts would only be valid through an Environmental Management System. At the same time, the focus shifted to environmentally correct and pioneering treatment alternatives with advanced pollution prevention techniques or the adoption of renewable technologies.
By adopting environmentally sustainable practices, companies collaborate in the preservation of natural resources, such as the Upcycling concept, where they value and transform previously unwanted waste into new quality products. There is also the Circular Economy, which seeks to redefine the notion of growth, dissociating economic activity from the consumption of finite resources backed by a transition to renewable energy sources, based on the principles of waste disposal and pollution, product maintenance and materials in cycles of use and regeneration of natural systems.
Effluent recycling: recovery and transformation of waste
Tera Ambiental not only supports World Environment Day but also seeks to contribute by specializing in the valuation of liquid and solid organic waste through environmental solutions such as effluent treatment and thermophilic composting. And it was in the quest to enable even more effective ways of reducing the environmental impact of industrial and commercial activities, which the partnership with ETE Jundiaí developed the concept of effluent recycling, a pioneer solution, exclusive and certified by IBD, in which all Solid sludge from the effluent treatment carried out by Cia Saneamento de Jundiaí is transformed through the composting process, instead of being sent to landfills.
To understand how effluent recycling is done, it is first necessary to clarify that effluents are characterized as sanitary sewage or industrial effluents, having their characteristics inherent to human activities and industrial processes. It’s chemical, physical, and biological properties vary according to their origin. To evaluate the treatment parameters, it is necessary that a sample of the liquid residue be collected and sent for characterization in an accredited laboratory.
Step by step: check the levels of the transformation of the effluents.
In general, the effluent recycling process begins with a careful analysis of the generation process and the characteristics of the residues, attested by laboratory analyzes and treatability tests in ISO / IEC 17025 accredited laboratories, which proves that the activities are carried out with precision and high quality, providing security and confidence in the analyses carried out.
With the proven treatability and the environmental authorization issued, the process of collecting, transporting, and disposing of the waste in operation begins, following the following steps:
Legend: All levels follow strict control, strictly complying with the relevant environmental laws.
This process makes the treated effluents liable to be released into water bodies without damage to the Environment, in compliance with the legal requirements in force. In specific cases, the treated effluent can also be reused in several activities.
Composting: processing of previously undesirable waste into fertilizer
Sludge is the leading waste generated in the process of treatment of effluents and, in general, is still disposed of in landfill by most sanitation concessionaires. Tera Ambiental performs composting with all sludge generated at ETEJ. With this, it promotes the recycling of nutrients that return to the soil through the compound organic fertilizer resulting from this operation.
At Tera Ambiental there are two ways to perform composting: aeration by tilting or blower aeration, according to the flows shown below:
1) COMPOSITION AERATED BY REVOLVEMENT
2) COMPOSITION AERATED BY BLOWERS
Correct, safe and definitive environmental alternative, composting meets the National Solid Waste Policy (PNRS), directly contributing to the reduction of ecological liabilities and depletion of landfills with the recovery of residues and agricultural use of organic matter.